Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. He was born on September 11, 1724, in Hamburg, Germany. His practical teaching methods were more expansive in their implications for education than those of any of his immediate predecessors in the field, and by the early 19th century they had become a fundamental force in Germany’s public school systems. Background. Homeschooling: Back to the Future? Johann Basedow was … Influenced by men of the French Enlightenment, Basedow thought that knowledge properly applied could lead to the perfection of man and his institutions. He described his new teaching method in his 1752 dissertation and also introduced it to the public in a German-language publication. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). Encyclopedia of Children and Childhood in History and Society. Basedow as a boy revolted against the harsh discipline of his school and ran away from home. Things that can be touched, seen, heard, and manipulated—to show the child the extent to which he can control his environment—should be substituted for the traditional verbal exercises, which deal with mere symbols. There he fascinated his students with his lectures but alienated his colleagues by his riotous living and attacks on organized religion. Basedow used the confabulatio for language learning, which consisted of a constant dialogue between pupil and teacher in the foreign languages, including Latin. Johann Bernhard Basedow (1724-1790), a German educator, stated a program for total reform of the educational system. német filantróp, az oktatás- és nevelésügy megreformálója. There are many books on Basedow in German. He expressed these ideas in the books Appeal to Friends of Mankind and to Men of Power concerning Schools and Studies and Their Influence on Public Welfare (1768) and The Method Book for Fathers and Mothers of Families and for Nations (1770). Johann Bernhard Basedow (Amburgo, 11 settembre 1724 – Magdeburgo, 25 luglio 1790) è stato un pedagogista, teologo e saggista tedesco, iniziatore del filantropismo. Encyclopedia.com. SCHMID, PIA "Basedow, Johann Bernhard (1724-1790) Common-schools pioneer ." Unlike Basedow, the next generation of philanthropinists, including Joachim Heinrich Campe, Ernst Christian Trapp, Christian Gotthilf Salzmann, and Friedrich Eberhard von Rochow, no longer placed their hope on princely protection, but rather tried to push through educational reforms by creating a pedagogically interested public. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Johann-Bernhard-Basedow, Fact Monster - People - Biography of Johann Bernhard Basedow. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Researcher and prophet John Inkster Goodlad (born 1917) was one of the chief movers in American education d…, Barnard, Henry (1811-1900) Johann Bernhard Basedow. Jahrhundert. Paderborn: Ferdinand Schoeningh. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Even if it never had more than fifty pupils at one time, this school, run along reformist principles, enjoyed extraordinary public attention, especially because of Basedow's playful and vivid teaching methods and the relaxed atmosphere among the pupils and teachers. At Dessau, Basedow put his ideas to practice. After a childhood spent in poverty as the son of a Hamburg wig-maker, he studied theology and then successfully tutored the son of a nobleman. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/children/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/basedow-johann-bernhard-1724-1790. He attended the universities of Leipzig and Kiel and upon graduation became a teacher, first as a private tutor in a wealthy home, then in several schools in Denmark and Germany.
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